Africa, also referred to as the black continent was once filled with vegetation and all kinds of wild animals. This continent is the cradles of the earth. There are various reasons why poverty has continued to strike this continent for centuries. While War is a major problem in the many African countries Bad leadership and corruption of the African leaders is also to blame. There is always war in countries such as Sudan, Somali, Ghana, Kenya and many other countries. As a result, the strong people including the young boys have been forced to go and fight for their rights. The security is wanting and thousands of people, including young children die each day due to malnutrition and preventable diseases. The leaders on the other hand are greedy and hardly care for the poor mothers, children and grandparents.
Disease is another major problem facing many African countries. HIV/AIDS alone has killed thousands of parents and young children. Young children have been left orphans with no one to look after them. The old are too weak to work in the farms and look after the orphans. They have no future since each day, they leave not sure where to get their next meal. Many homes are left empty with no one to leave and cultivate the farms. Most African places have malaria and the villagers can not afford mosquito nets and drugs to fight these deadly disease. Good drinking water is a problem in many places such as Mali, Niger and Sudan. A large population in the rural area are low-income earners and can not afford quality drinking water. Both people and domestic animals drink in the same rivers and water holes. As a result of these, water-borne diseases such as diarrhea, guinea worm disease, cholera, typhoid fever, river blindness and pneumonia are prevalent.
Famine and drought have affected many parts in Africa. Deforestation has greatly affected water catchment areas and Mother Nature. Over the past years, people have destroyed forests in search of timber, firewood, charcoal and agriculture. The water catchments areas have been destroyed, causing big rivers and lakes to dry up. The rain pattern has also been affected causing prolonged drought. With no rain, there are no enough crops grown to feed the people of Africa. Animals and people continue to die as a result of hunger and insufficient water.
About 50 percent of African population live in the slums where there is bad sanitation and poor living conditions. Kibera slum in Kenya is the largest in Africa where life is a living hell for the residents. Houses are built of mud and there are a few or no toilets. There are poor services, sewage and dumping causing disease hazards.